About Samarkand

» Posted in News and articles

No city, which is called as a romantic associations connected with the Great Silk Road as Samarkand. For most people, this place is just as mysterious as Atlantis and the same remote and mysterious as Timbuctoo.

The reality, as always, the more severe, but not in this case too. Majestic (more than life itself) Timur monuments, colorful markets and a long rich history of the city create a special magic atmosphere, although outside the historic center of the city is a common Soviet town with little national characteristics. Learn more about Tours to Uzbekistan.

Samarkand – one of the oldest cities in the world, contemporary Babylon and Rome, the ancient Silk Road oasis and the capital of a great empire of Tamerlane, is located in the valley of Zarafshan in south-eastern Uzbekistan. The city is known from the middle of the 1st millennium BC. e. and is first mentioned in the Avestan texts as Markandeya, the capital of a rich and Sogdiana (Sogdiana). Was completely destroyed armies of Alexander the Great, the legendary Sogdian Afrasiab was rebuilt only in the side of its original location, and then became the center of the province of Ariana (one of the titles of the city – “Mahfouz” can be translated as “stored”).

March 17, 1220 Mr. Samarkand enters army of Genghis Khan, and after his death in 1227, the city became the seat of the second son of Genghis Khan – Chagatai. With the advent of the “Iron Hromţov” city became the capital of Timur (1370 g) of his vast empire, and enters a period of unprecedented cultural and economic expansion continued under Timur’s grandson Ulugbek. In XIV-XV centuries. built the citadel and fortress walls, laid wide streets, erected grandiose architectural ensembles, and the perimeter city girded giant ring of 13 huge parks and gardens. Most of these facilities is still a major symbol of the city.