Antarctica. The International Geophysical Year.

» Posted in News and articles

Advances in science and technology made by many countries in the Second World War, as well as a sharp easing of the political climate in the mid-50′s have allowed the world to ask the scientific community to conduct a comprehensive international study of the least studied areas of the Earth and the processes occurring in these areas, by analogy with what has been done once during the study, known as the First (1882/83) and second (1932/33) of the International Polar Year.

From the very beginning of one of the main purposes of the study according to the plans of the project was to be the Antarctic, and in particular its center – the ice of Antarctica. This project is called the International Geophysical Year, and is known in our country under the short name “Project IGY.”

After a series of effective international consultations and meetings of 12 countries wishing to become party to the Project IGY in Antarctica – Argentina, Australia, England, Belgium, Norway, New Zealand, USSR, USA, France, Chile, South Africa and Japan – agreed to conduct coordinated interdisciplinary work on the continent of Antarctica, the Antarctic seas and islands, appointing for the IGY in Antarctica in 1957 and 1958. Learn more about Countries in Antarctica.

More than 40 stations found IGY member countries in this period in the Antarctic. The number of people who worked in Antarctica during the IGY, exceeded the number of people who ever trod this continent in its history. However, they still had less than people in any large village or settlement in any of the countries participating in the IGY. The number of wintering in Antarctica during the IGY stations all over and did not reach 900.

Research results during the IGY were significant. Their real value became clear to us only after many years after the end of the project when the main articles have been published based on the results.

However, during his academic and political community was shocked by all of lightness, simplicity and efficiency of scientific and human communication scholars of different countries participating in the International Geophysical Year, and the first scientific results of research in Antarctica on the agreed Plan countries.